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قال الله تعالى: { مَا يَلْفِظُ مِن قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ } سورة ق الآية 18

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العودة   منتديات أفـــاق دبـــي الثقافيـــة > Forums for the call to Allah in English منتديات الدعوة إلى الله باللغة الأنجليزية > English language learning and teachingاللغة الإنجليزية التعلم والتعليم
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قواعد اللغة الإنجليزية الماضي - المضارع - المستقبل - 03-19-2006, 09:05 PM





قواعد اللغة الإنجليزية الماضي - المضارع - المستقبل

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مشاركة: قواعد اللغة الإنجليزية الماضي - المضارع - المستقبل - 08-31-2006, 07:43 PM


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هذه بعض قواعد اللغة الإنجليزية بشرح عربي

المضارع المستمر

The present continuous

المضارع البسيط

The present simple

الماضي المستمر

The past continuous
الماضي البسيط

The past simple

المستقبل البسيط

The future simple
المضارع التام

The present perfect

الماضي التام

The past perfect
أسئلة (wh)

wh questions

أدوات التعريف

articles
المبني للمجهول

The passive voice

طلب إذن

permission
الإستفسار عن الطريق

asking the way

المقارنة

comparing
جمل الشرط

The conditional

الخطاب الغير مباشر

reported speech
أفعال شادة

irregular Verbs

وصف الناس

describing people


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permission articles describing people passive voice irregular verbs future present perfect past continuous past simple present continuous present simple conditional reported speech wh questions past perfect

The Present Continuous

المضارع المستمر

1- متى نستخدم المضارع المستمر؟
نستخدم المضارع المستمر للتحدث عن شئ يحصل الآن

مثلا:

I am writing an exercise now.

أنا أكتب تمرينا الآن

Ali is playing football now.

علي يلعب الكرة الآن

The children are writing at the moment.

الأطفال يكتبون الآن

2 . تركيبة المضارع المستمر ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )

يتكون المضارع المستمر من (am/are / is )+ verb + ing

playing am I
playing are You
playing is He
playing is She
playing is It
playing are We
playing are You
playing are They

يستخدم المضارع المستمر غالبا مع هذه الكلمات:now / at the moment

.3صيغة النفي في المضارع المستمر ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون النفي في المضارع المستمر بوضع كلمة not بعد ( am / are / is )

playing not am I
playing not are You
playing not is He
playing not is She
playing not is It
playing not are We
playing not are You
playing not are They

4. صيغة السؤال في المضارع المستمر ( نأخذ فعل play كمثال )
يتكون السؤال في المضارع المستمر بوضع (am / is / are )مكان الفاعل و الفاعل مكان ( am / are / is )

playing?
I Am
playing?
you Are
playing?
he Is
playing?
she Is
playing?
It Is
playing?
we Are
playing?
you Are
playing?
they Are

Exercise

Put the verbs between brackets in the correct form

1. Ahmed --------------------------------a book now.( read )

2. I ------------------------ about the exam at the moment. ( think )

3. ----------------------------------------------- now ? ( you / sleep )

4. We ----------------------------- now. (not /eat )

5. where ---------------------------------? ( you / go )

6. why ---------------------------------------?( Ahmed and Ali / fight )

7. You -------------------------to me. ( not / listen )

8. The cat ---------------------------------- some milk. ( drink )

9. What ---------------------------- at the moment ? ( you / do )

10. Hello, mum. I ---------------------- you from Dubai . ( call )

Exercise
Put the verbs between brackets in the correct form.

1. The sun always -----------------------down in the west. (go )

2. Look! The sun -------------------------down now . (go )

3. My father never ------------------------- .( smoke )


4. They usually ----------------- to school on time. ( come )

5. My brother can’t talk to you now. He ------ his car. (repair )

6. We often ------------------ at home during the holidays . ( stay )

7. I rarely ------------------------- up late. ( stay )

8. Where ------------------------ on Fridays. (you / go )

9. Excuse me, you ---------------------- on my foot. ( stand )

10. Look at that bird, it --------------------- high in the sky. ( fly )

أنقر هنا إذا أردت أجوبة التمرين السابق
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مشاركة: قواعد اللغة الإنجليزية الماضي - المضارع - المستقبل - 02-09-2008, 07:40 AM


فهرس لبعض مصطلحات قواعد اللغة الانجليزية

Glossary of English Grammar Terms


Active Voice
In the active voice, the subject of the verb does the action (eg They killed the President). See also Passive Voice.

Adjective
A word like big, red, easy, French etc. An adjective describes a noun or pronoun.

Adverb
A word like slowly, quietly, well, often etc. An adverb modifies a verb.

Article
The "indefinite" articles are a and an. The "definite article" is the.

Auxiliary Verb
A verb that is used with a main verb. Be, do and have are auxiliary verbs. Can, may, must etc are modal auxiliary verbs.

Clause
A group of words containing a subject and its verb (for example: It was late when he arrived).

Conjunction
A word used to connect words, phrases and clauses (for example: and, but, if).

Infinitive
The basic form of a verb as in to work or work.

Interjection
An exclamation inserted into an utterance without grammatical connection (for example: oh!, ah!, ouch!, well!).

Modal Verb
An auxiliary verb like can, may, must etc that modifies the main verb and expresses possibility, probability etc. It is also called "modal auxiliary verb".

Noun

A word like table, dog, teacher, America etc. A noun is the name of an object, concept, person or place. A "concrete noun" is something you can see or touch like a person or car. An "abstract noun" is something that you cannot see or touch like a decision or happiness. A "countable noun" is something that you can count (for example: bottle, song, dollar). An "uncountable noun" is something that you cannot count (for example: water, music, money).

Object
In the active voice, a noun or its ***************alent that receives the action of the verb. In the passive voice, a noun or its ***************alent that does the action of the verb.

Participle
The -ing and -ed forms of verbs. The -ing form is called the "present participle". The -ed form is called the "past participle" (for irregular verbs, this is column 3).

Part Of SpeechOne of the eight classes of word in English - noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, conjunction and interjection .

Passive VoiceIn the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb (eg The President was killed). See also Active Voice.

Phrase
A group of words not containing a subject and its verb (eg on the table, the girl in a red dress).

Predicate
Each sentence contains (or implies) two parts: a subject and a predicate. The predicate is what is said about the subject.

Preposition
A word like at, to, in, over etc. Prepositions usually come before a noun and give information about things like time, place and direction.

Pronoun
A word like I, me, you, he, him, it etc. A pronoun replaces a noun.

Sentence
A group of words that express a thought. A sentence conveys a statement, question, exclamation or command. A sentence contains or implies a subject and a predicate. In simple terms, a sentence must contain a verb and (usually) a subject. A sentence starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (.), question mark (?) or exclamation mark (!).

Subject
Every sentence contains (or implies) two parts: a subject and a predicate. The subject is the main noun (or ***************alent) in a sentence about which something is said.

Tense
The form of a verb that shows us when the action or state happens (past, present or future). Note that the name of a tense is not always a guide to when the action happens. The "present continuous tense", for example, can be used to talk about the present or the future.

Verb
A word like (to) work, (to) love, (to) begin. A verb describes an action or state






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